A report into child road safety has revealed a number of variables, including geographic location and time of day, have an impact on child road casualty rates.

The study, published by the RAC foundation, reviewed data relating to the geographical distribution of child casualties and also explored how the time of day, a child’s age, gender, travel mode and the socio-demographic background of the community can impact on child road casualties.

The research suggests that there is a north-south divide in child casualty rates in England. Blackpool had the highest average annual casualty rate, (30.84 per 10,000 resident children) and of the 10 local authorities with the highest average annual casualty rate, all bar two were located in the north of England. According to the research, the highest rates of child casualties were recorded in urban areas.

The data also found that child casualties were highest between 8am and 9am and 3pm and 4pm which correlates with children going to and from school. The report also found that more children are killed or injured on the roads during July compared to any other month of the year.

According to the RAC Foundation, in 2014, 16,727 children aged 15 and under were injured on the road, 2,082 of which were seriously or fatally injured, and children accounted for 1 in 12 deaths and serious injuries on UK roads.

David Robinson, a serious injury solicitor at Thompsons Solicitors, said: “The geographical disparity in the number of children killed or injured on UK roads is extremely concerning.

“The government cannot ignore the findings of this research and such insight into road safety trends must be used to shape UK-wide road safety strategies in an effort to save lives in all communities, across all regions, and all year round.”